||Displacement of the tooth into the alveolar bone. This injury is accompanied by comminution or fracture of the alveolar socket.
The tooth can be impinging upon the
permanent tooth germ.
||The tooth is displaced axially into the alveolar bone and frequently penetrating the labial bone plate where it can be palpated.
The tooth may disappear completely in the tissues resembling avulsion and root
fracture with complete extrusion of the coronal fragment. In this case diagnosis
is based on an occlusal radiograph.
Penetration of the tooth into the
nasal cavity can be diagnosed by bleeding from the nose or simple observation of
||The test will usually give a high metallic (ankylotic) sound. However in severe intrusion cases the test will not always
be possible to perform.
||The tooth is non-mobile.
||Not reliable in primary teeth. Inconsistent results.
||When the apex is displaced toward or through the labial bone plate the apical tip can be visualized and appears shorter than the
unaffected contralateral tooth.
When the apex is displaced toward the permanent tooth germ, the apical tip cannot be visualized and the tooth appears elongated.
|| An occlusal or periapical exposure will normally show the position of the displaced tooth and its relation to the permanent successor. If the tooth is totally intruded an extra-oral lateral exposure
may be indicated to make sure that the tooth has not penetrated the nasal cavity.